Science and research
Science policy is linked to both higher education policy and innovation policy. Science policy supports the operating possibilities of organisations that finance and carry out research.
Research allows competence to be linked to the different areas of society from business and enterprise to the public service system and public decision making.
The mission of universities includes independent academic research as well as academic and artistic education, to provide research-based higher education, including researcher training. Doctoral degrees can only be completed at universities.
Approximately one third of the central government funding provided for university activities is used for carrying out research based on the universities’ internal decisions. The majority of research funding based on competitive bidding derives from the Academy of Finland, The Finnish Agency for Innovation Tekes and the European Union.
The mission of universities of applied sciences includes providing higher education for professional expert jobs based on the requirements of working life and its development and on the premises of academic research and academic and artistic education, and to carry out applied research, development and innovation activities and artistic activities that serve education in universities of applied sciences, promote industry, business and regional development and regenerate the industrial structure of the region.
The universities of applied sciences themselves finance research, development and innovation (RDI) activities and the Academy of Finland and the Business Finland also grant minor sums to RDI activities carried out at universities of applied sciences. The main financing mechanisms for universities of applied sciences of the European Union are the Structural Funds programmes.
By following up on the careers of researchers it is possible to collect information on post-doctoral job placements at higher education institutions and research institutes as well as in other sectors of society. It is also important from the point of view of foresight and developing doctoral studies. The statistical services of the Finnish National Agency for Education and Statistics Finland collect key information on researcher careers.
Development of the Research and Innovation System
Research and Innovation Council
The Research and Innovation Council is an advisory body chaired by the Prime Minister. The Council discusses key issues relating to the development of research and innovation policy that supports the wellbeing, growth and competitiveness.
Openness in Research
Open science is nowadays an internationally significant way to promote science and to increase the impact of science in society. It makes research findings readily available to other researchers, and this, in turn, saves resources, promotes high standards in science and generates new research questions.
Open science and research brings inspiration to citizens, companies and decision-makers, and it enables new insights and creates valuable understanding. Open science provides more opportunities for taking part in scientific research, provided publications, data, methods, competence and support services produced and required by research are readily available.