Collective management of copyright
Collective management refers to activities that are managed by collective management organisations on behalf of the rightholders. The activities are governed by the Act on the Collective Management of Copyright (1494/2016).
The purpose of the Act is to guarantee the autonomy of holders of copyright and related rights, to promote the viability of copyright markets, and to ensure that collective management of copyright and rights related to copyright is performed responsibly, effectively and transparently with regard to rightholders and users.
The Act comprises, among other things, provisions related to the supervision of the rights and benefits of rightholders in collective management organisations, provisions on the supervision of members’ rights, powers of decision and benefits in the collective management organisation, as well as on the administration of copyright remuneration. In addition, the Act contains provisions on licensing that covers the area of several states with respect to the online rights of musical compositions.
The Act on Collective Management of Copyright, entered into force on 1 January 2017, is based on Directive 2014/26/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on collective management of copyright and related rights and multi-territorial licensing of rights in musical works for online use in the internal market.