Basic education provides a general education and general knowledge and is typically given in comprehensive schools. When pupils have completed their education based on the comprehensive school syllabus, they have completed their compulsory education. They are not awarded a certificate after completing comprehensive school, but it does provide them with the qualifications required for applying for further studies.
The Ministry of Education and Culture drafts legislation that applies to education and the budget proposals and Government resolutions related to this legislation.
Basic education comprises 9 years of comprehensive school free of charge. Teaching is organised in a local school or another suitable location, ensuring that school journeys are as safe and short as possible. Pupils have the right to receive sufficient support to assist in learning and in school attendance as soon as the need for support is detected. Teaching staff must work in cooperation with the home. Basic education may include an extra voluntary year of additional studies (year 10).
Local authorities and the State are responsible for organising basic education. The State contributes towards the costs related to basic education by means of central government transfers to education providers as provided in the Act on Central Government Transfers to Local Government for Basic Public Services. Regional State Administrative Agencies provide guidance on matters related to the legal protection of pupils.
Arrangements and organisation of teaching
Teaching and teaching equipment are available to pupils free of charge. Additionally, pupils are provided a warm meal every day at school.
Pupils have the right to free transport or to a sufficient subsidy to help cover the costs of transport to school, if the journey is over five kilometres in distance or if the route is too difficult, stressful or dangerous for pupils to travel on their own. The local authority or other education provider can also choose to offer a broader right to transport than that which is required by law.
There are no statutory maximum limits to the number of pupils in each group in general education. However, the maximum number of pupils permitted in special needs teaching groups is laid down in legislation. The school year comprises 190 school days. The education provider makes decisions on the duration and timing of holidays. The school year for basic education begins on 1 August and ends on 31 July. The school year is divided into two parts: the autumn term and the spring term. School work for the school year ends on the last working day of the last week of May or first week of June. Any other decisions on holiday times are made by the education provider. Regional State Administrative Agencies gather information on their region's school workdays and school holidays.
Pupils complete compulsory education by finishing the basic education syllabus
Every child who is a permanent resident in Finland is obligated to attend compulsory education. The parents and guardians of pupils are responsible for ensuring the pupils complete their compulsory education.
Compulsory education begins the calendar year a child turns seven, and ends when the child has completed the basic education syllabus or when ten years have passed from the start of their compulsory education.
Where a child is unable to complete the objectives for basic education within the allocated nine years due to a disability or illness, the child may belong within the scope of extended compulsory education. Extended compulsory education begins the calendar year a child turns six and lasts 11 years.
Teachers and qualifications
Class teachers normally teach years 1 to 6. Years 7 to 9 involves mainly subject-specific teaching, which is provided by subject teachers. As a rule, teachers have completed a Master's degree at a university.